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PITTETD 檢索結果共 4141 筆,本頁資料從第 1 筆到第 12 筆

Malaria causes 300-500 million clinical cases and 1-3 million deaths per year, the majority of which occur in young African children. Ingestion of hemozoin by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) initiates the cytokine-mediated cascade of immune dysregulation in malaria. Innate immunity plays a critical role in protective responses against infection, which are dete....

By Jan Kristoff-Infectious Diseases and Microbiology-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-02-02
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Type 1 diabetes accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes and is the most common chronic disease of childhood, exceeded only by asthma. Because most children and adolescents spend the majority of their waking hours in a school setting, having trained school personnel on-site to assist with their daily diabetes management regimen is a high priority.....

By Amy J Cook-Behavioral and Community Health Sciences-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-02-02
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Among women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), prevention of adverse reproductive sequelae is similarly achieved by outpatient and inpatient treatment. It is unknown if outpatient treatment is as effective as inpatient treatment among women in various subgroups based on relevant categories of age, race and clinical presentation, and if there are short-term outcomes....

By Gail M Trautmann-Epidemiology-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-02-02
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Women are the fastest growing segment of the correctional population in the United States. Most are imprisoned for non-violent drug offenses and property crimes. These women are disproportionately of color and low socioeconomic status, and often have endured lives of abuse, chaotic personal relations, and homelessness. The prime health challenges facing this population ....

By Rebecca Joanne Altman-Behavioral and Community Health Sciences-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-02-02
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Society delegates responsibility for the selection and preservation of records of continuing value to archivists. In accepting this charge, the archival profession enters into a relationship with society in which ensuring public trust through accounting to society for the responsible management of records becomes essential. For archivists to maintain this public trust ....

By Jennifer Alycen Marshall-Library and Information Science-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2007-02-02
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Violence and Injury Prevention has risen to the top of the nations list of important public health mandates. As one of the most pervasive forms of violence facing our country today, Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) therefore constitutes a significant public health concern. Although screening for IPV with women by healthcare providers offers opportunities for intervention....

By Kimberly R. Owens-Behavioral and Community Health Sciences-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2007-02-02
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This thesis is of public health significance because it examines the level of preparedness in personal care homes in Allegheny County and helps to obtain a better understanding of whether disaster preparedness education and training is sufficient for the residents and employees of personal care homes. Emergency preparedness education and training, in particular special ....

By Alexa Joyce Hussar-Behavioral and Community Health Sciences-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-02-01
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With recent advances in workstation technology, operators are often asked to perform complex tasks that require a tremendous amount of real-time information processing. In order to avoid poor task performance due to the operators cognitive limitations, it would be advantageous to be able to probe an operators cognitive state while performing such tasks. The current stud....

By Gregory Richard Frank-Bioengineering-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-01-31
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A dynamic balloon volume sensor system (DBVSS) was designed for use with the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), a therapeutic device to assist heart recovery after cardiac dysfunction or cardiac trauma, and the Pittsburgh respiratory support catheter (RSC), an internally deployed gas exchange device which augments lung function. The DBVSS was designed to detect the degre....

By Timothy David Campbell Nolan-Bioengineering-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-01-31
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The glenohumeral joint is the most dislocated major joint in the body; however despite such a high rate of injury, the proper treatment protocol remains unclear. Rehabilitation has proved to be insufficient with an 80% chance of redislocation in teenagers and 10-15% chance after the age of 40. Following surgical repair, nearly 25% of patients still experience redislocat....

By Eric J. Rainis-Bioengineering-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-01-31
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Transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) appears to be an effective way to monitor the spinal cord while patients are under anesthesia. This method is sensitive to changes in the functioning of the corticospinal tracts. It is a reliable and fast indicator of the status of the spinal cord during surgery. In this research, we develop a model to describe the intracranial ....

By William Tyler Rath-Bioengineering-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-01-31
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Slip-initiated falls often cause injury and death, especially in older adults. Previous research involving perturbed walking has to a large extent focused on lower extremity reactions, yet arm responses are often part of postural reactions to such perturbations. This research is focused on arm responses to an unexpected slip. In Aim 1, the relationship between slip seve....

By Peter Nerses Sandrian-Bioengineering-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2007-01-31
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