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PITTETD 檢索結果共 4141 筆,本頁資料從第 169 筆到第 180 筆

This study employs a multisectoral computable general equilibrium model of Mauritius designed to explore the economic consequences of the removal of the preferential pricing agreements for Mauritius sugar exports by the European Union, the United States, or jointly. This is performed with endogenous tax changes in the distortionary value-added taxation or the lump-sum t....

By Yulonda Suzette Woods-Early-Economics-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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My dissertation studies the foundations of loop quantum gravity (LQG), a candidate for a quantum theory of gravity based on classical general relativity. At the outset, I discuss two---and I claim separate---questions: first, do we need a quantum theory of gravity at all; and second, if we do, does it follow that gravity should or even must be quantized? My evaluation o....

By Christian Wuthrich-History and Philosophy of Science-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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By studying the reforms of Italys budget institutions this research aims to define the factors that explain the timing and content of institutional and policy reform in the context of extreme policy stability. It argues that the timing of reform depends on the preferences regarding the status quo of the parties in the government majority, and that these preferences depe....

By Francesco Stolfi-Political Science-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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This dissertation examines the degree to which judges on state high courts are constrained in their decision-making. Specifically I focus on the relationship between institutional and environmental factors and the likelihood of retaliation for unpopular decisions. Of particular interest is how the above factors relate to both elite and mass retaliation across a variety ....

By Tara Wynn Stricko-Neubauer-Political Science-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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The thesis basically consists of three pieces of results on compact composition operators on the Hardy and Bergman spaces. In the first part, chapter 2, we re-formulate Lotto's conjecture on the weighted Bergman space $A_{alpha}^2$,$(-1 < alpha < infty)$, setting. We used the result of D. H. Luecking and K. H. Zhu cite{luk} to extend Zhu's solution (on the Hardy space $....

By Abebaw Tadesse-Mathematics-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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This work contends that three constraints need to be addressed in the context of power-aware real-time systems: energy, time and task rewards/values. These issues are studied for two types of systems. First, embedded systems running applications that will include temporal requirements (e.g., audio and video). Second, servers and server clusters that have timing constrai....

By Cosmin Alexandru Rusu-Computer Science-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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This study examines the role of the Pennsylvania National Guard during the years between the railroad strike of 1877 to its mobilization for the Great War in 1917. An analysis of the labor disputes and strikes that took place during these years indicates that the Guard was used sparingly and with great reluctance by state authorities. Out of the hundreds of strikes duri....

By Steven Patrick Schroeder-History-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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This dissertation contains three essays that combine applied models, institutional analysis and empirical work in order to understand developments in the Russian and Caspian energy sector following the breakup of the former Soviet Union. In the first essay entitled Partial Privatization: Evidence from the Russian Oil Sector (joint with Daniel Berkowitz), we document tha....

By Yadviga Viktorivna Semikolenova-Economics-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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A key component of drug development is to establish the compounds dose-response relationship, and identify all effective doses of the drug with a general goal of selecting the minimum effective dose (MED). A new closed testing procedure is proposed for identifying the MED for a single component drug. This procedure is based on constructing simultaneous one-sided confide....

By Julia Soulakova-Statistics-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-10-02
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In vivo near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence microscopy and imagery is an emerging research area in biology. Organic dyes currently tested for NIR imagery have very severe limitations such as rapid photobleaching. This drastically limits the sample exposure time and/or prevents the experiment to be repeated. Lanthanide complexes have NIR luminescence properties which have s....

By Jian Zhang-Chemistry-University of Pittsburgh-masters-2006-09-29
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This dissertation is about decentralization and agrarian politics in post-war El Salvador (1992-1998). Decentralization of government has been prescribed widely in Latin America over the past two decades, justified on the premise that it encourages more accountable governance by empowering local actors. However, under conditions of high inequality and weak democracy, de....

By Vincent J. McElhinny-Political Science-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-09-29
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This dissertation consists of the three independent chapters in the areas of Public Economics and Microeconomic Theory. The first two chapters use experimental and computational techniques to address two important behavioral issues in Public Economics. In particular, the first chapter (with Lise Vesterlund) examines if concerns for status may help explain why fundraiser....

By Cagri Seda Kumru-Economics-University of Pittsburgh-doctoral-2006-09-29
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