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Women are the fastest growing segment of the correctional population in the United States. Most are imprisoned for non-violent drug offenses and property crimes. These women are disproportionately of color and low socioeconomic status, and often have endured lives of abuse, chaotic personal relations, and homelessness. The prime health challenges facing this population are substance abuse, mental health issues, communicable diseases, and poor reproductive health outcomes. An analysis of current and proposed correctional health services demonstrates the service gap between actual and idealized care for these women. Specific program components are introduced for the Allegheny County Jail in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A broad-based womens health curriculum, peer education, and increased provision of women-specific correctional health services are all suggested future directives. This project is highly relevant to public health, as it not only addresses the health disparities that exist between the general and correctional populations, but also because it seeks to ameliorate these conditions though a multifaceted health intervention.