本論文已被瀏覽 211 次， [ ] 12 次，[ ] [ ]
This paper explores the reactions and attitudes of The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal toward the actions of the "Big Four" powers during the pivotal period of failed reconciliation of East and West Germany. Using editorials and opinion pieces, this paper will demonstrate the hopes, fears, criticisms, assessments, and opinions of these two newspapers and their correspondents to obtain a small look into the climate of public opinion that existed in America regarding Germany during this pivotal time. This time period was chosen because it was the two-month period just after the end of the Berlin Blockade as the Bonn Constitution was ratified and the Council of Foreign Ministers meeting in Paris was held to determine Germany's fate. During the period of May and June, 1949, the tone, views, and coverage by these two newspapers changed from a cautious optimism for a unified Germany to a reasoned pessimism, skeptical that the Soviet Union and the West would reach a political or even an economic agreement in the near future. The turning point in both newspapers was the beginning of the Paris meetings, when all of the pundits were proven wrong about the Soviets' proposals and it became clear that a political agreement was unlikely. Most importantly, and most evident in these two newspapers, the Paris conference confirmed the one thing that divided the world for so long: neither side trusted or fully understood the other, and it clouded every move and counter-move they made.