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國小兒童其父母管教方式、非理性信念及A型行為關係之研究

The Study on the Relationships among Elementary School Students Irrational Beliefs, Type A Behavior and Their Perception toward Parenting Style

作者:賴正珮
畢業學校:國立屏東教育大學
出版單位:國立屏東教育大學
核准日期:2004-07-01
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--npue....

中文摘要

本研究旨在探討國小兒童其父母管教方式、非理性信念及A型行為關係,主要目的有四:
一、經由文獻探討釐清非理性信念量表之構念,編製一套現階段適用於我國國小兒童之非理性信念量表,以做為評量國小兒童非理性信念之工具。
二、探討國小兒童之不同背景變項、其父母管教方式與其非理性信念對A型行為的關係。
三、探討國小兒童之背景變項、其父母管教方式及其非理性信念對兒童之A型行為的解釋預測力。
四、根據研究結果提出具體建議,做為親職教育、心理輔導與未來研究之參考。
本研究使用「父母管教方式及滿意度量表」、「兒童生活信念量表」及自陳式「兒童A型行為量表」完整版為研究工具,採分層抽樣方式,得794份有效問卷,資料結果以卡方百分比同質性考驗、多變量變異數分析、t檢定、單變量變異數分析、積差相關、典型相關、迴歸分析等統計方法加以處理。研究結論如下:
一、「兒童生活信念量表」分量表之內部一致性α值介於.52 ~ .74之間,總量表Cronbach α係數為.91,與國內現有之測量兒童非理性信念
之工具相較,本量表具有不錯的信度及效度。
二、不同性別的兒童知覺其母親管教方式、自身之非理性信念及A型行
為上有顯著差異;但於父親管教上未達顯著差異。
三、不同年級的兒童知覺其父母親管教方式、自身之非理性信念及A型
行為上皆有所不同。
四、不同父親、母親及父母管教方式的國小兒童在非理性信念傾向上有
所不同,以母親影響較顯著。
五、採「忽視冷漠」父親、母親及父母管教方式的國小兒童在A型行為
之「努力競爭與成就」得分最低。
六、兒童非理性信念與A型行為中的「時間緊迫感」及「攻擊性與敵意」
有顯著正相關;而「努力競爭與成就」則與「逃避困難」有顯著負
相關。
七、國小兒童之背景變項、其知覺到的父母管教方式、其非理性信念對
A型行為具有預測力。
根據本研究結論,研究者針對親職教育、兒童輔導工作與未來研究提出具體建議,以供參考。

英文摘要

The purpose of this research is to discuss the way the parents of elementary school students teach their children, irrational beliefs and type A behavior relations. Four viewpoints are as follows :
1.The researcher wants to establish the scale of irrational beliefs that could be used in elementary schools for the time being by clarifying the concepts of the scale of irrational beliefs in the literature review.
2.The author examined the relationships among different demographic variables, parenting styles, irrational beliefs and type A behavior of elementary school students.
3.There are discussions about how we can predict type A behavior of elementary students with different demographic variables, parenting styles and irrational beliefs.
4.The research offers substantial suggestions and serves as references for potential researchers who are interested in duty education and students counselling.
This research use "the parenting style and the degree of satisfaction scale", "the child life beliefs scale" and "the child type A behavior scale" to facilitate the whole study. The researcher got 794 samples with the method of stratified sampling. Data gathered from the samples were analyzed through chi-square percentage homogeneity test, MANOVA, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, canonical correlation, and multiple regression analysis.
The research conclusions are as follows:
1."The child life beliefs scale" of lamination scale Cronbach  between .52 ~ .74, total scale Cronbach is .91. Compared with domestic tool of the child irrational beliefs, the reliability and validity of this scale are quite good.
2.There are differences among consciousness of maternal parenting style in students of opposite genders, self irrational beliefs and type A behavior. Such difference is not obvious in paternal parenting style.
3.There are differences among consciousness of maternal parenting style in students of different grades, paternal parenting style, self irrational beliefs and type A behavior.
4.Different maternal parenting style and paternal parenting style of elementary school child has different irrational beliefs score, of which the mothers influence is stronger.
5.The elementary school students of neglectful style got lowest scores in the item of diligently competes and achievement .
6.The child irrational beliefs has positive correlation with "the time sense of urgency" and "the aggressivity and the hostility" of type A behavior; diligently competes and achievement of type A behavior has negative correlation with "avoids a difficulty" of irrational beliefs.
7.Demographic variables, parenting style and irrational beliefs of elementary school students could be used to predict their type A behavior.
According to the conclusions mentioned above, the suggestions that the researcher raised in terms of duty education, the child counsels the work and the futurology are for the reference for future similar studies.


指導教授 - 陳慶福博士


 

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