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國小國語教科書寓言教材研究

A study on Fable Materials of Mandarin Textbook used in Grade 1-9 Elementary School

作者:陳玉玲
畢業學校:國立屏東教育大學
出版單位:國立屏東教育大學
核准日期:2007-07-01
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--npue....

中文摘要

寓言是一種含有積極教訓意義的故事,透過簡單緊湊的情節來隱喻深刻且足以發人深省的道理,所以非常適合做為教材。
本研究先篩選分析九十四學年度仁林、南一、康軒及翰林等四個版本的國小國語教科書寓言教材選編分布情形,再探討各版本國語教科書寓言教材的選材來源。
給寓言分類,是為了更方便的認識它、研究它。寓言的分類,有助於了解寓言作品。本研究從故事角色有無生命的特點來分類,將寓言教材分為人物寓言、動物寓言、植物寓言和其他寓言四大類。
寓言必須具有兩項不可或缺的基本要素:故事(寓體)和寓意(本體)。前者是寓言的軀體,後者是寓言的靈魂。本研究接著針對各版本所編選的寓言教材逐一進行故事內容分析與寓意探討。
研究發現:
一、四個版本共選編六篇散文體文言文,其中有五篇是寓言故事。寓言具有故事性,且篇幅短小而完整,非常適合做為文言文的入門教材。
二、選材來源方面,古典寓言多於現代寓言。
三、四個版本在寓言教材的類型選編方面,大都選用動物寓言和人物寓言。
四、寓言故事的寓意有些從正面宣傳真善美的品德,有些則從反面來告誡人們,四個版本的寓言教材以後者佔大多數。

英文摘要

Fables are positive stories fraught with disciplinal meanings. Simple but tight plots written can deeply enlighten people, and are rather suitable for textbooks.
In advance, this article sift four editions out and analyze them in the 94th Academic Year, including Ren Lin, Nan Yi, kang Syuan, and Han Lin, in terms of their respective selecting and editing distributions of Mandarin Textbook Fable Materials used in Grade 1-9 Elementary School. After that, we explore the resources of fables selected by different textbook editions.
It s more conveniently to recognize and research it because of classify fables. The classify of fables is helpful to understand fable works. This research classifies fables from life or not of roles in the fables and distributes the resources of fables by personage s fables, animal s fables, plant s fables and other fables four types.
Fables must provided with two necessary basic key elements: story main body and implied meaning keynote .The former is the body of fables, the latter is the soul of fables. This research contains to analyze the contents of stories which are select and edit by each editions and explores the implied meaning of fables.
This research detect something as follows:
1. These four editions are select and edit six essays of classical Chinese ,and there are five essays are fables. Fable provided with narrative written within limited capacity but unabridged and it s suitable as an introduction textbook of classical Chinese.
2. About select the resources of fables, classical fables are chosen more than modern fables.
3. About select and edit types of fable materials, most of these four editions are chose from animal s fables and personage s fables.
4. Fable story s implied meanings some are propaganda morality of the true, the good and the beautiful directly ; some are caution people contrary. Most of these four editions are chose the later.


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