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畢卡索具人道主義精神作品之研究

A study of work with Humanism by Pablo Ruiz Picasso

作者:楊佳芳
畢業學校:國立屏東教育大學
出版單位:國立屏東教育大學
核准日期:2010-07-15
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--npue....

中文摘要

人類文明已發展數千年,然而當今世界各國衝突與動盪仍不斷。故人道精神在現今更應持續被重視,而以此為出發點的藝術創作,不僅易感動人心,也能洗滌心靈並對人類有所貢獻。畢卡索的《格爾尼卡》(參見圖4—58)便是其中的代表作。再者,一般人總認為像《格爾尼卡》這等具人道主義精神的戰爭畫必定與政治相關聯,然而畢卡索卻認為政治思想與藝術是不同回事;他欲將藝術與政治劃清界線,但卻又強調藝術在政治上的功能性。再加上從第一次到二次世界大戰,畢卡索對政治的態度有極大改變,當中他的經歷與心態轉折,更促使研究者欲深入探究其具人道主義精神之作品。
在本論文中,呼應本研究目的所得到的發現有:在創作背景的部份,除畢卡索的人格特質外,家人、朋友及前輩藝術家,再加上大環境的交互影響下,造就畢卡索對人道主義精神的重視,而此精神亦貫穿在他各階段的作品中。在創作理念的部份,畢卡索的藝術生涯中一極重要的理念即是反抗傳統主流的價值觀並自我突破,故才能創造多樣化之藝術。而在分期的題材、內容與形式及風格的部份,雖然畢卡索的畫風不斷蛻變且經常以七大類的造型符號貫穿在人道主義精神的作品中,但畢卡索多偏重在揭露政治與社會的黑暗面,在正向題材的部份似乎較欠缺且力道不足,並且有時過於強調形式,而使得某些作品太傾向於形式主義。最後關於其所帶來的影響則是,人道主義精神之作品確實發揮其功能與價值,傳達了對暴行的譴責與對和平的嚮往。
畢卡索從他本身之文化傳承的複雜源流,其藝術上強烈的生理基礎及天賦,並包括所受其他藝術形式的影響,還有他的政治理念,將上述內化成獨特風格,證明他確實是一流藝術家。直到其生命的盡頭,畢卡索即等於他的藝術,也正是他偉大之處。
關鍵詞︰畢卡索、人道主義、戰爭畫、立體派、格爾尼卡、法西斯主義

英文摘要

Human civilization has been developed for thousands of years, yet nowadays conflicts and uneasiness are still frequent. For this reason, the promotion of humanism in the contemporary should be continuously emphasized. Artistic creations based on this viewpoint not only can easily touch the depth of human heart, but they can also purify our minds and do their sacrifice to the humanity. Picasso s Guernica (See Picture 4-58) is representative. The public always hold the position that war paintings with humanism such as Guernica and the like are sure to have some connection with politics, yet Picasso stated that political thoughts and arts were two totally different things. He wanted to draw a clear line between arts and politics on the one hand; he also put an emphasis on the functions of arts on politics on the other hand. Going through the traumas of World War I and II, Picasso saw his drastic change on political attitude. His confrontations and his drastic change on attitudinal transitions during this time prompt the researchers to further investigate works of humanism by this all-time genius.
Sticking to the main purpose of this study, we ve sampled the following findings:
1.In the part of creation background. We ve found that in addition to Picasso s characteristic features, his family members, friends and artists before him, and the inter-influence of the society he was living in had made him put great emphasis on humanism, which can be persistently detected in all the works of his creating stages.
2.In the part of creation ideals. One of Picasso s ideals in his life of creation was to fight against traditional mainstream value and seek self-upgrading, so as to create various artistic works.
3.In the part of subject classifications, contents, forms and styles. Though Picasso s painting styles were ever-changing, with the seven design icons serving as an integrating manifestation of humanism, he focused more on disclosing the dark sides of politics and the society, not paying due attention to positive subjects. In addition, he occasionally put too much emphasis on forms, making certain works too realistic
4.Finally in the part of his influence on the subsequent generations. He passed on his condemnations of violence and rapture in fascination by peace.
With his complicated origins in cultural heredity, his physiologically strong inclination toward art as well as unsurpassable talent, influences from other artistic forms, and his political beliefs, Picasso internalized all the above as his specific styles, proving that he was qualified to be called one of the top artists in the 20th century. To the end of his life, Picasso equaled to his art, which is what makes him great.
Keywords: Pablo Ruiz Picasso, Humanism, war paintings, Cubism, Guernica, Fascism


指導教授 - 黃冬富

主席 - 劉豐榮

委員 - 林大維


 

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