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二位排灣族傑出原住民的生命史研究

the life histories of two aboriginal elite from Paiwan tribe

作者:施美英
畢業學校:國立屏東教育大學
出版單位:國立屏東教育大學
核准日期:2007-08-06
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--npue....

中文摘要

中文摘要
本研究旨在探討排灣族傑出原住民的生命歷程,希望藉由這二位排灣族傑出原住民的生命經驗,找出他們成功的因素,引以為後學者作為學習的楷模。
本研究採質性研究方法中的生命史研究,主要以深度訪談來蒐集資
料。透過其親自敘說個人生命史,說明在取得事業成就的過程中,是否有特殊的家庭背景、人格特質、轉折點或關鍵人物,以及其在強勢文化下堅持並發揚傳統的心路歷程,與對族群與個人的未來期許及做法。本研究主要的發現有:
一、二位排灣族傑出原住民事業成功的因素
(一)家庭、婚姻與親友的支持
1.父母的身教和正確的教養態度,有助其生涯的規劃,比家庭經濟狀況的影響還大
2.配偶及親友的支持與鼓勵是生涯發展的影響因素之一
(二)個人因素
1.對工作的興趣是其生涯發展的助力之一
2.積極進取,具備高度成就動機與企圖心
3.正向的自我認同,為影響其生涯發展的重要因素
4.堅毅的人格特質是影響其生涯發展的關鍵因素
(三)傳統文化因素
1.排灣族對長嗣的重視與期許,驅使他們不斷向上;長嗣繼承家中財產的制度,有助其生涯的發展
2.身為頭目家族助其對排灣文化的了解,使得巫瑪斯對琉璃珠的田野調查更趨完整,有助其生涯的發展
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3.傳統生命禮俗對婚姻的規定,隨著時代的變遷已不具約束力
4.排灣族傳統的分享觀是他們推動排灣文化的內在動力
5.排灣族的傳統工藝對二位報導人影響深遠,不僅添加二位報導人精采的人生,也是他們事業成功的因素之一
二、二位排灣族傑出原住民在強勢文化下堅持並發揚傳統的心路歷程
(一)許春美的族群身份及文化認同的歷程,是從風雨飄搖到堅定不拔(二)巫瑪斯喜歡自己的族群文化,沒有族群認同的問題,所以巫瑪斯的人生宛如排灣族傳統工藝的重現與創新歷程
三、二位排灣族傑出原住民對族群與個人的未來期許及做法
(一)族群方面
1.許春美希望政府輔導原住民建立行銷管道與成立排灣特色;希望族人學習一技之長,自立自強
2.巫瑪斯希望保留階級制度、重建傳統的豐年祭、維繫母語、歌謠和舞蹈
(二)個人方面
1.許春美希望成立作品展示館、自創品牌、織布技術系統化、技藝傳承
2.巫馬斯希望建立工藝館、部落文史的整理、部落母語辭典的編輯、個人的科學研究、設立一個心靈修行中心
關鍵詞:排灣族、生命史、傑出原住民

英文摘要

III
Abstract
This research was conducted to investigate the life histories of two persons from Paiwan tribe, a man and a woman, whose careers and social status were considered outstanding in their community, one of the aboriginal
tribes in Ping-Tung County, in Taiwan. The researcher sought to reveal the factors contributing to their successful deeds and provide good examples for
the young to follow.
A qualitative mode of method, the study of life-history, was employed for the research. The first-hand data were corrected by profound and detailed interviews, after an intensive review of the literature concerning their social
cultural context of life. Then, a life-history was made respectively, for systematic analyses, based on their self-report in the interview. Questions were posed for seeking the supportive factors relevant to their successful
careers, for example, their special family back-grounds and personal characters, the turning points or important figures they met in their career; what made them so persistent and persevering to preserve their own tradition against the dominant cultures in the modern society; and what they expected and strove for the future for their people and themselves.
The findings were summed up in three categories as following:
1. The supportive factors to their careers were found to include the supports from family, marriage and friend, their personal characters, and cultural tradition. It was interesting that their parents' occupations and
manners of family discipline were more influential than financial supports,
while encouragement of their spouses and friends were all helpful to their careers. The personal factors consisted of high motivation and ambition and
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positive self-identification, while the character of perseverance was a determinant component among them.
The traditional culture factors were also found specially helpful for both reporters in several ways, regardless of their sex. In a Paiwan family, the eldest son or daughter received a higher family status and expectation, and had
the right to inherit the family property. Being the eldest child of their own family, they had more responsibility and resource for their careers. The male reporter, a glass bead maker, was a high-rank leader of the tribe, and hence, in a better position to get information about their traditional craftarts. For the female reporter, the broken-down of the strict constrain in their marital custom
enabled her to enjoy a family life of a different culture, and came back to share her experiences which became parts of their traditional social visions and the inner drive for reviving Paiwan culture. Nevertheless, their traditional craft skills should be considered the very cornerstones for their successful careers.
2. Regarding the question about what made them so persistent and insistent in preserving their own tradition against the dominant cultures, the answers differed due to the sex variable. The female reporter had the trouble
with the changes of her personal and cultural identities when she married a husband from another ethnic and cultural group. As the time went by, however, she became more respectful for her own people and culture. On the
contrary, the male reporter was always making best use of his social status and enjoying his successful career in his own community, and trying to do his best to innovate their traditional craft arts.
3. The two reporters had their own expectations for their community and for themselves. The female hoped that the government help develop a market for their products and train their young peoples the skills needed for
their cultural industry, and personally, she hoped to have her own showroom
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and a trade-mark for her own products, and systematically develop the weaving skills and hand over them to the younger generation.
The male reporter expected to preserve their social system, significant festivals, mother language, and fork songs and dances, while personally, he was looking forward to having a gallery for craft works, editing the tribe
history and a Paiwan dictionary, and engaging in scientific research. A center
for spiritual practice was among his ambitions as well.
Keywords: Paiwan Tribe, life-history, outstanding aborigine (aboriginal elite)


指導教授 - 陳枝烈


 

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