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相互教學法對外籍人士華語閱讀理解表現之研究

How to enchance effects and attitude of foreigners in Chinese learning by reciprocal teaching.

作者:林瑗倪
畢業學校:國立屏東教育大學
出版單位:國立屏東教育大學
核准日期:2012-09-10
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--npue....

中文摘要

本研究旨在探討教師如何透過相互教學法的教學模式來提升外籍人士華語閱讀的學習成效。
研究者以15名外籍人士為研究對象,歷時9個月,共計62次124小時的教學活動,採用行動研究的教室觀察記錄、訪談法、教學札記與省思等方式,進行相互教學,並且為了增進外籍人士華語閱讀理解學習表現,研究者蒐集外籍人士之學習表現資料,進行整理、歸納、分析與檢核。經由研究結果分析與討論,提出以下結論:
一、相互教學法對於外籍人士學習華語之成效有正面影響。
二、相互教學法對於外籍人士學習華語之態度有正面影響。
最後提出幾點建議作為華語教學及未來進一步研究之參考:
一、對外籍人士華語閱讀教學可以繼續應用「相互教學法」。
二、教學者進行相互教學法前應熟練策略的運用技巧,瞭解影響外籍人士語言學習的因素和外籍人士學習的特性,才能協助學習者提升閱讀理解能力。
三、設計「相互教學策略學習單」幫助外籍人士學員預先閱讀。
四、依照班級人數的多寡而設計不同教學模式,繼續進行教學成效的研究。
五、製作「自我導向學習量表」客觀評定閱讀習慣養成情形。

英文摘要

The main purpose of this study is to investigate how to enchance effects and attitude of foreigners in Chinese learning by reciprocal teaching.
This study collected 15 foreigners Chinese learning performance data from action research, classroom observation records, in-depthinterview, Teaching Notes, interviews and introspection in 64 events of reciprocal teaching activity, The duration of all event is nine month and took 124hr, After organize, analyze and check the data ,we summarized in the following conclusions.
1.Reciprocal teaching have a positive affect on the effect of learning Chinese of foreigners .
2.Reciprocal teaching have a positive affect on the attitude of learning Chinese of foreigners.
Finally, a few suggestions to further research and reference for Chinese teaching.
1.Reciprocal teaching have a positive benefit in teaching for foreigners Chinese reading.
2.To enhance foreigners reading comprehension ,Teacher should be proficient in reciprocal teaching skills, understand the factors affecting language learning of the foreigners and foreigners learning characteristics before applying reciprocal teaching strategy in Chinese teaching.
3.Help foreigners pre-read by learning list designed by reciprocal teaching strategies.
4.Applying different teaching modes in accordance with the amount of students in class in reach of the effectiveness of Chinese teaching
5.Objective appraise how to form a reading habit by "self-directed learning readiness scale .


主席 - 方金雅

委員 - 顏素霞

指導教授 - 郭明堂


 

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