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台灣大學整併策略探討-以三校為例

The merger strategy for Taiwan higher education and its application for three universities

作者:葉定原
畢業學校:國立高雄第一科技大學
出版單位:國立高雄第一科技大學
核准日期:2016-01-08
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--nkfust....

中文摘要

大學整併的目的是為了整合現有學術資源,提升大學競爭力以因應面臨少子化所帶來影響。截至2014年為止,台灣高等教育機共有159所,但成功整併的大學只有6所。本研究希望透過了解中國方面對於大學整併的作法與對策並以此為借鏡提供台灣在制定整併策略時參考。
本研究以資源基礎論及組織結構論為研究方法,結合中國方面的經驗,篩選出適合探討的資源與組織要素,並提出以x軸為資源構面,y軸為時間構面的大學整併策略矩陣。其中資源構面包含學科資源、物資資源、文化資源、人力資源、行政組織結構等五項。
本研究以目前正在推動的高海、高科、高應三校合併案為例,探討其整併策略,其結果如下:
1.人力資源方面:初期以穩定原則留住人才,如尊重老師轉系申請意願。中後期則是建立有效的流動機制
2.組織結構方面:初期使用集權方式進行組織重整與調整,中後期則是使用結合式模式對新校進行管理。
3.學科資源方面:初期使用學科優勢互補對學院與科系進行三校重整。中後期結合設施資源建立以年級與院系為主的校區建設。
4.設施資源方面:初期以交通與搬遷最小為原則進行設施移動,中後期則是建立建立教學與研究區域分開的校區型態。
5.文化資源方面:初期可於各校間舉辦活動以整合三校的職員與教師,中後期以學生、老師與校友結合的模式以創造新校的校園文化與聲譽。

英文摘要

Since the birth rate is getting lower for the near future, the supply of universities is greater than the demand and more schools are forced to leave the market. The purpose of university merger is to cope with the impact caused by low birth rate in the future, and enhancing the competitiveness of universities. However, there are 159 higher education institutions in Taiwan by 2014, only six of them are merged successfully.
This study would utilize the resource-based theory and organization theory as research methods, and apply the experience of Chinese university merger to Taiwan universities. This study would propose a university strategic matrix that using x-axis as the resource facet and y-axis as time facet. The resource facets include subject resource, facility resource, cultural resource, human resource and administrative organization.
The university strategic matrix would be applied to the merger of three universities including KUAS NKMU and NKFUST.About three school merger strategy, proposed the following
1.Human resource: keep persons stably at the beginning, like respecting teachers willingness to transfer applications. After that, establishing effective floating systems.
2.Administrative Organization: use the way of centralization to reform and adjust organizations at the beginning, after that, using combination model to manage new schools
3.Disciplines resource: reform the colleges and departments of these three schools by complementing the advantages of disciplines at the beginning. After that, combining facilities resource to establish campus constructions that depend on grades and departments.
4.Facilities resource: move constructions at the lowest distance at the beginning, after that, establish of teaching and research area separate campuses patterns.
5.Culture resource: reform the staffs of these three schools by holding activities, after that, combine teachers, students and graduated students to create the culture and reputation of the new schools.


指導教授 - 林立千

委員 - 林燦煌

召集委員 - 蔡坤穆


 

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