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以親環境計畫行為模型為基礎探討國民對於參與環境影響評估的意向:以印尼為例

Pro Environmental Planned Behavior Model to Explore the Citizens Participation Intention in Environmental Impact Assessment: an Evidence Case in Indonesia

作者:蕭希雄
畢業學校:國立臺灣科技大學
出版單位:國立臺灣科技大學
核准日期:2016-01-13
類型:Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
權限:Copyright information available at source archive--National Taiwan University of Science and Technology....

中文摘要

本研究旨在測量國民對於參與環境影響評估(Environmental Impact Assessment) 的行為意向 (Behavior Intention),並將計畫行為理論模型 (Theory of Planned Behavior) 加入「感知的政府支持」和「感知的環境關懷」兩樣因素,將其延伸為親環境計畫行為 (Pro-Environmental Planned Behavior) 模型做為此次研究的預測模型。實驗以印尼國民為主要對象,在回收總計240份樣本後,應用結構方程模型 (Structural Equation Modeling) 進行分析。經分析後結果顯示逾六成的印尼國民對於參與環境影響評估的行為意向皆持正面態度。此外,本研究亦發現「知覺行為控制」(Perceived Behavior Control) 為其中關鍵的決定因素。為了透過知覺行為控制喚起國民參與的意願,本研究建議應該實施及衡量的策略為彰顯其優勢及有利條件,例如依據國民的技能和評估環境影響過程中的資源給予工作機會等。從事環境影響評估者及決策人皆可根據此結果以提升國民對於參與環境影響評估的行為意向。

英文摘要

The present study aims to measure citizens behavior intention (BI) in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) participation. An extended theory of planned behavior namely pro-environmental planned behavior (PEPB), which includes perceived authority support and perceived environmental concern, was proposed and used as the predictor model. A total of 240 respondent data, gathered from citizens of Indonesia, was analyzed by using structural equation modeling (SEM). The analysis result shows that the PEPB model revealed 60 percent of citizens BI in EIA participation. Another finding revealed perceived behavior control (PBC) as a key determinant factor. The study, thus, suggest that in order to arouse citizens intentions through PBC, the strategy of emphasizing the advantages, such as employment opportunities based on the citizens skill and resource in the EIA process to be practical and valuable. The result can be used as references by EIA policy makers and practitioners to increase citizens intention in EIA participation.

 

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